WalkSafe Program History and Research:

Program Evolution:

Each year, an alarming number of pedestrians under the age of 14 are severely injured or killed in pedestrian-hit-by-car (PHBC) incidents. These PHBC rates are particularly high in the State of Florida and in its largest county, Miami-Dade.

Phase I - 2001
WalkSafe began in 2001 with the formation of a task force of community educators and partners to review historical pediatric injury data from Jackson Memorial Medical Center and the Ryder Trauma Center, in an attempt to locate the cause of these injuries. Evaluation of this data led to the conclusion that over 71% of PHBC incidents involving children between 5 and 13 years of age took place in the vicinity of elementary schools.

Phase II and III - 2001-2002
The WalkSafe Program was created in 2001 to counteract the high rate of PHBC incidents in children.  The educational curriculum was designed to measure the effectiveness of crosswalk education on students.  With the assistance of the Miami-Dade County School Board, four schools within two high-risk districts were chosen for the first pilot. The results showed a positive increase in knowledge among students who received the curriculum intervention.

Phase IV and V - 2003
The program expanded to 16 additional schools in the Liberty City area in February 2003. By April, the Miami-Dade County School Board supported a resolution to add WalkSafe as a required component of the Pedestrian/School Bus Safety Education Program.  Following the resolution, the WalkSafe curriculum was implemented in an additional 203 schools throughout the county.

Phase VI and VII - 2004-2005
The program continued to expand in 2004-2005 and secured grant funding to reach an additional 32 schools in District 1.

Phase VIII - 2006
WalkSafe was implemented in 16 high-risk schools in Little Havana and Overtown during the 2006-2007 school year.

Phase IX - 2007-2008
With the development of National Safe Routes to School and increased funding, WalkSafe developed a statewide program to identify other high-risk areas/districts in Florida that could benefit from the curriculum. WalkSafe also continued dissemination of the curriculum to elementary and K-8 centers in Miami-Dade County.

Phase X - 2008-2009
Dissemination of the WalkSafe Statewide Program began, while research initiatives continued in Miami-Dade County.

Phase XI - 2010+
Since 2010, WalkSafe has continued the implementation of our program both countywide and statewide, along with the evaluation of our program components as we receive feedback from each region. We are expanding our encouragement projects and policy change efforts at the county and state levels, and building resources to make WalkSafe's safety lessons a household concept for schools, parents and children.

Our research papers:

Pilot Study: A Pediatric Pedestrian Safety Curriculum for Preschool Children (2016)

First published in Journal of Trauma Nursing  

Sustaining a Pediatric Injury Prevention Program Through Educational Curriculum Dissemination (2015)

First published in Health Promotion Practice  

Crossing guard presence: Impact on active transportation and injury prevention (2014)

First published in Journal of Transport & Health Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 116-123 (June 2014)

Preventing pediatric pedestrian injuries (2009)

First published in The Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 2009 May;66(5):1492-9.

The WalkSafe Program: Developing and evaluating the educational component (2009)

First published in The Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 03/2009; 66(3 Suppl):S3-9

WalkSafe: A School-Based Pedestrian Safety Intervention Program (2004)

First published in Traffic Injury Prevention Volume 5, Issue 4, 2004

Pediatric Pedestrian Trauma Study: A Pilot Project (2004)

First published in Traffic Injury Prevention Volume 5, Issue 2, 2004